Доступ предоставлен для: Guest
Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer
ESCI SJR: 0.258 SNIP: 0.574 CiteScore™: 0.8

ISSN Печать: 2169-2785
ISSN Онлайн: 2167-857X

Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2019031564
pages 167-195

HEAT TRANSFER AND PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE LOCALIZATION OF FOREST FUEL COMBUSTION

Geniy V. Kuznetsov
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Ivan S. Voytkov
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Svetlana S. Kralinova
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Yuliana K. Atroshenko
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk 634050, Russia

Краткое описание

The results of experimental studies of heat transfer in the layers of forest fuel (FF) when localizing the propagating fronts of its flame combustion and thermal decomposition using protective water lines are presented. These lines were moistened layers of FF before the thermal decomposition front. The varied parameters were the volume of poured liquid, size of the barrier line, conditions of material wetting, specific consumption, irrigation density, etc. The main attention was focused on defining the conditions of thermal balance at a boundary between the material subjected to thermal decomposition and the protective water line to determine the dominant mechanisms of combustion suppression or localization. The experiments were carried out with typical forest fuels: leaves, needles, and a mixture of leaves and needles. It was established that the effective conditions of combustion localization may be provided by suppressing the material burning in the vicinity of the water line boundary. This important experimental result has become the basis for the development of a physical and mathematical model for predicting the effective conditions of the material combustion localization. The developed model serves to obtain data that justify the determining role of energy sink to the protective water line, as well as the flame combustion and pyrolysis of the material in front of it.

ЛИТЕРАТУРА

  1. Ager, A.A., Day, M.A., Finney, M.A., Vance-Borland, K., and Vaillant, N.M., Analyzing the Transmission of Wildfire Exposure on a Fire-Prone Landscape in Oregon, Forest Ecol. Manage., vol. 334, pp. 377-390, 2014.

  2. Asllanaj, F., Milandri, A., Jeandel, G., and Roche, J.R., A Finite Difference Solution of Non-Linear Systems of Radiative-Conductive Heat Transfer Equations, Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 1649-1668,2002.

  3. Atreya, A., Olszewski, P., Chen, Y., and Baum, H.R., The Effect of Size, Shape and Pyrolysis Conditions on the Thermal Decomposition of Wood Particles and Firebrands, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 107, pp. 319-328, 2017.

  4. Barovik, D.V. and Taranchuk, V.B., Mathematical Modelling of Running Crown Forest Fires, Math. Modell. Anal., vol. 15, pp. 161-174,2010.

  5. Borodulin, V. and Nizovtsev, M., Effect of the Size of Droplets on Evaporation, Interface Phenom. Heat Transf., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 251-261,2017.

  6. Camia, A. and Amatulli, G., Weather Factors and Fire Danger in the Mediterranean, in Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems, Berlin: Springer, pp. 71-82, 2009.

  7. Dallos, A., Jarvas, G., and Quellet, C., Calculation of Essential Input Parameters for Estimating the Evaporation of Multicomponent Liquid Droplets, Interf. Phenom. Heat Transf., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 259-272, 2013.

  8. Dimitrakopoulos, A.P., Thermogravimetric Analysis of Mediterranean Plant Species, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 123-130,2001.

  9. Dowdy, A.J., Climatological Variability of Fire Weather in Australia, J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., vol. 57, pp. 221-234,2018.

  10. Furlaud, J.M., Williamson, G.J., and Bowman, D.M.J.S., Simulating the Effectiveness of Prescribed Burning at Altering Wildfire Behaviour in Tasmania, Int. J. Wildland Fire, vol. 27, pp. 15-28, 2018.

  11. Goncharova, O.N., Hennenberg, M., Rezanova, E.V., and Kabov, O.A., Modeling of the Convective Fluid Flows with Evaporation in the Two-Layer Systems, Interf. Phenom. Heat Transf., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 317-338, 2013.

  12. Grishin, A.M., Mathematical Modeling of Forest Fire and New Methods of Fighting Them, Tomsk, Russia: Publishing House of Tomsk State University, 1997.

  13. Grishin, A.M. and Filkov, A.I., A Deterministic-Probabilistic System for Predicting Forest Fire Hazard, Fire Safety J., vol. 46, nos. 1-2, pp. 56-62, 2011.

  14. Grishin, A.M. and Shipulina, O.V., Mathematical Model for Spread of Crown Fires in Homogeneous Forests and along Openings, Combust. Explos. Shock Waves, vol. 38, pp. 622-632, 2002.

  15. Haas, J.R., Calkin, D.E., and Thompson, M.P., Wildfire Risk Transmission in the Colorado Front Range, Risk Analysis, vol. 35, pp. 226-240,2015.

  16. Hohenauer, W. and Vozar, L., Flash Method of Measuring the Thermal Diffusivity, High Temp.-High Pressures, vols. 35-36, pp. 253-264, 2003.

  17. Karpov, A.I., Novozhilov, V.B., Galat, A.A., and Bulgakov, V.K., Numerical Modeling of the Effect of Fine Water Mist on the Small Scale Flame Spreading over Solid Combustibles, in Fire Safety Science: Proc. of 8th International Symposium, vol. 27, pp. 753-764, 2005.

  18. Kataeva, L.Y., Maslennikov, D.A., Loschilov, A.A., and Belyaev, I.V., Influence of the Water Barrier on the Dynamics of a Forest Fire Considering the Inhomogeneous Terrain and Two-Tier Structure of the Forest, ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 2972-2980, 2016.

  19. Korobeinichev, O.P., Paletsky, A.A., Gonchikzhapov, M.B., Shundrina, I.K., Chen, H., and Liu, N., Combustion Chemistry and Decomposition Kinetics of Forest Fuels, Procedia Eng., vol. 62, pp. 182-193, 2013.

  20. Korobeinichev, O.P., Shmakov, A.G., Shvartsberg, V.M., Chernov, A.A., Yakimov, S.A., Koutsenogii, K.P., and Makarov, V.I., Fire Suppression by Low-Volatile Chemically Active Fire Suppressants Using Aerosol Technology, Fire Safety J., vol. 51, pp. 102-109,2012.

  21. Leroy, V., Cancellieri, D., and Leoni, E., Relation between Forest Fuels Composition and Energy Emitted during Their Thermal Degradation, J. Therm. Anal. Calorimetry, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 293-300,2009.

  22. Margerit, J. and Sero-Guillaume, O., Modelling Forest Fires. Part II: Reduction to Two-Dimensional Models and Simulation of Propagation, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 45, pp. 1723-1737, 2002.

  23. Maryandyshev, P., Chernov, A., Lyubov, V., Trouve, G., Brillard, A., and Brilhac, J.F., Investigation of Thermal Degradation of Different Wood-Based Biofuels of the Northwest Region of the Russian Federation, J. Therm. Anal. Calorimetry, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 963-973,2015.

  24. Miyanishi, K., Johnson, E.A., Ward, P.C., Tithecott, A.G., and Wotton, B.M., Comment-A Re-Examination of the Effects of Fire Suppression in the Boreal Forest, Can. J. Forest Res., vol. 31, pp. 1462-1480,2001.

  25. Nakoryakov, V.E., Kuznetsov, G.V., and Strizhak, P.A., Physics of Suppression of Thermal Decomposition of Forest Fuel Using Surface Water Film, J. Eng. Thermophys., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 443-448, 2016.

  26. Parker, W.J., Jenkins, R.J., Butler, C.P., and Abbott, G.L., Flash Method of Determining Thermal Diffusivity, Heat Capacity, and Thermal Conductivity, J. Appl. Phys, vol. 32, 1679-1684, 1961.

  27. Parker, W. J., Jenkins, R.J., Butler, C.P., and Abbott, G.L., Measurement by the Flash Method of Thermal Diffusivity, Heart Capacity, and Thermal Conductivity in Two Layer Composite Samples, J. Appl. Phys., vol. 32, pp. 4408-4416, 1968.

  28. Ragland, K.W., Aerts, D.J., and Baker, A.J., Properties of Wood for Combustion Analysis, Bioresour. Technol., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 161-168, 1991.

  29. Rakowska, J., Szczygiel, R., Kwiatkowski, M., Porycka, B., Radwa, K., and Prochaska, K., Application Tests of New Wetting Compositions for Wildland Firefighting, Fire Technol., vol. 53, pp. 1379-1398, 2017.

  30. Reilly, M.J., Elia, M., Spies, T.A., Gregory, M.J., Sanesi, G., and Lafortezza, R., Cumulative Effects of Wildfires on Forest Dynamics in the Eastern Cascade Mountains, Ecol. Appl, vol. 28, pp. 291-308,2018.

  31. Samarskii, A.A., The Theory of Difference Schemes, New York: Marcel Dekker, 2001.

  32. San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Moreno, J.M., and Camia, A., Analysis of Large Fires in European Mediterranean Landscapes: Lessons Learned and Perspectives, For. Ecol. Manage., vol. 294, pp. 11-22, 2013.

  33. Sawyer, R., Bradstock, R., Bedward, M., and Morrison, R.J., Fire Intensity Drives Post-Fire Temporal Pattern of Soil Carbon Accumulation in Australian Fire-Prone Forests, Sci. Total Environ., vols. 610-611, pp. 1113-1124,2018.

  34. Sero-Guillaume, O. and Margerit, J., Modelling Forest Fires. Part I: A Complete Set of Equations Derived by Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1705-1722, 2002.

  35. Simo-Tagne, M., Remond, R., Rogaume, Y., Zoulalian, A., andBonoma, B., Modeling of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Drying of Tropical Woods, Int. J. Therm. Sci, vol. 109, pp. 299-308, 2016.

  36. Turner, I., Rousset, P., Remond, R., and Perre, P., An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of the Thermal Treatment of Wood (Fagus sylvatica L.) in the Range 200-260C, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 715-725, 2010.

  37. Vivchar, A., Wildfires in Russia in 2000-2008: Estimates of Burnt Areas Using the Satellite MODIS MCD45 Data, Remote Sens. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 81-90,2011.

  38. Voitkov, I.S., Volkov, R.S., Zhdanova, A.O., Kuznetsov, G.V., and Nakoryakov, V.E., Physicochemical Processes in the Interaction of Aerosol with the Combustion Front of Forest Fuel Materials, J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 891-902,2018.

  39. Volkov, R.S., Kuznetsov, G.V., and Strizhak, P.A., Experimental Study of the Suppression of Flaming Combustion and Thermal Decomposition of Model Ground and Crown Forest Fires, Combust. Explos. Shock Waves, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 678-688, 2017a.

  40. Volkov, R.S., Zhdanova, A.O., Kuznetsov, G.V., and Strizhak, P.A., Determination of the Volume of Water for Suppressing the Thermal Decomposition of Forest Combustibles, J. Eng. Phys. Thermophys., vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 789-796, 2017b.

  41. Volkov, R.S., Kuznetsov, G.V., and Strizhak, P.A., Movement of Water Drops in a Forest Fuel Layer in the Course of Its Thermal Decomposition, Therm. Sci., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 301-312,2018.

  42. Vysokomornaya, O.V., Kuznetsov, G.V., and Strizhak, P.A., Experimental Investigation of Atomized Water Droplet Initial Parameters Influence on Evaporation Intensity in Flaming Combustion Zone, Fire Safety J., vol. 70, pp. 61-70, 2014.

  43. Wadhwani, R., Sutherland, D., Moinuddin, K.A.M., and Joseph, P., Kinetics of Pyrolysis of Litter Materials from Pine and Eucalyptus Forests, J. Therm. Anal. Calorimetry, vol. 130, pp. 2035-2046, 2017.

  44. Wighus, R., Water Mist Fire Suppression Technology-Status and Gaps in Knowledge, in Proc. of Intl. Water Mist Conf, Vienna, Austria, pp. 1-26,2001.

  45. Zhang, X. and Kondragunta, S., Temporal and Spatial Variability in Biomass Burned Areas across the USA Derived from the GOES Fire Product, Remote Sensing Environ, vol. 112, pp. 2886-2897, 2008.

  46. Zhdanova, A.O., Volkov, R.S., Voytkov, I.S., Osipov, K.Y., and Kuznetsov, G.V., Suppression of Forest Fuel Thermolysis by Water Mist, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 126, pp. 703-714, 2018.


Articles with similar content:

LOW RADIANT FLUX IGNITABILITY STUDIES
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.12, 2013, issue 3
Alice I. Atwood, Kevin P. Ford, J. J. Haycraft
CHARACTERIZATION OF THE THERMAL RESPONSE OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS IN EARTH COVERED STORAGE
Second Thermal and Fluids Engineering Conference, Vol.29, 2017, issue
Hamid Hadim, Kenneth Blecker
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE PROPELLANTS AND EFFECT OF PROPELLANT STRETCH ON ITS BURN RATE
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.9, 2010, issue 3
Sergey A. Rashkovskiy, Alexander N. Klyuchnikov, Alexander V. Fedorychev, Yuriy M. Milyokhin
LASER INDUCED HYPERTHERMIA OF SUPERFICIAL TUMORS: A TRANSIENT THERMAL MODEL FOR INDIRECT HEATING STRATEGY
Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal, Vol.4, 2012, issue 6
Victoria Timchenko, Leonid A. Dombrovsky
LASER INDUCED HYPERTHERMIA OF SUPERFICIAL TUMORS: A TRANSIENT THERMAL MODEL FOR INDIRECT HEATING STRATEGY
ICHMT DIGITAL LIBRARY ONLINE, Vol.0, 2012, issue
Victoria Timchenko, Leonid A. Dombrovsky