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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v12.i1.70
pages 73-85

The Effects of Temperature, pH, and Cations on the Rheological Properties of the Extracellular Polysaccharides of Medicinal Species of Genus Tremella Pers. (Heterobasidiomycetes)

Proma Khondkar
Department of Pharmacy, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh; and School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, City Campus, Glasgow, G4 0B A, UK
Kofi E. Aidoo
School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, City Campus, Glasgow, G4 0B A, UK
Richard F. Tester
School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, City Campus, Glasgow, G4 0B A, UK

Краткое описание

Extracellular polysaccharides were produced from nine Tremella species using the malt-yeast (MY) media. The rheological properties of the polysaccharide solution were examined by the Power-law model. The extracellular polysaccharide solutions showed shear-thinning (pseudoplastic) behavior. The pseudoplasticity was more pronounced for 5% polysaccharide solutions. T. cinnabarina and T. indecorata polysaccharide solutions (0.1% w/v) gave the highest and lowest viscosities—9.18 and 1.73 mPa, respectively—at 25°C and at a shear rate of 150 s−1. The effects of chemical and physical factors on solution viscosity were studied. The viscosity of solutions decreased with an increase in temperature and also at extreme pH values. Rheological analysis revealed that divalent cations (calcium and zinc) did not increase the viscosity of polysaccharides, but monovalent cations (sodium and potassium) did, which suggests that ionic bridging occurred between polymer chains. A synergistic increase in the viscosity of the solution was observed when the polysaccharides were mixed with xanthan.


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