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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v4.i3.80
10 pages

Investigations at the Ukrainian Culture Collection of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms

Asja S. Buchalo
M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Tereshchenovskaya Str., 2, Kiev 01601, Ukraine
Nadezda Yu. Mitropolskaya
M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Tereschenkivska Str. 2, Kiev, 252601, Ukraine

Краткое описание

At the Culture Collection of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms of N. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kiev), over 200 species from about 100 genera (about 800 strains) are represented. Among them are over 100 species which have medicinal properties (species of the genera Pleurotus, Lentinus, Flammulina, Ganoderma, Piptoporus, Coprinus, Marasmius, Psilocybe, Schzzophyllum, Trametes, Hericium, Omphalotus, Lepista, Stereum, Phellinus, Grifota, Lycoperdon, Phallus, Cyathus, Morchella, Tyromyces, etc.). For the correct identification of the taxonomic position of cultures, a complex of morphological and physiological criteria are proposed: presence and morphology of teleomorph stage; color, morphology, and growth rate of mycelial colony; type of anamorph; presence, dislocation, and morphology of clamp connections; special hyphal structures; character of enzymatic tests; and temperature interval of mycelial growth. Using scanning electron microscopy, new data were obtained on microstructures of vegetative mycelium in more than 100 species. Growth and morphogenesis of the wide range of species have been investigated under submerged cultivation. It has been proved that basic changes in morphology of vegetative mycelium do not take place in submerged culture. Strains of medicinal mushrooms promising for biotechnological application were selected, and obtaining dietary supplements from Pleurotus ostreatus in submerged culture was proposed.


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