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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 22, 2020 Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i6.70
pages 567-577

Apoptotic Effect of Extract from Medicinal Mushroom from Taiwan Taiwanofungus salmoneus (Higher Basidiomycetes) Mycelium Combined with or without Cisplatin on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

Rao-Chi Chien
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.; National Chung Hsing University/University of California Davis Plant and Food Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.; Agricultural Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University/University of California Davis Plant and Food Biotechnology Center, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Yun-Jung Hsieh
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University (NCHU), Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Jeng-Leun Mau
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, 145 Xingda Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Краткое описание

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a cancer of high mortality; therefore, the effective therapy on this cancer is an imperative issue. Recently, anticancer agent combined with natural products has been demonstrated to increase apoptosis of various cancer cells effectively. Accordingly, we investigated the apoptotic effect and possible mechanism of the ethanol extract from Taiwanofungus salmoneus (=Antrodia salmonea) mycelium (TsE) alone or in combination with cisplatin in SK-Hep-1 cells. In this study, the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells could be inhibited at various concentrations of TsE for 24 h whereas TsE combined with cisplatin would inhibit the cell proliferation more notably. Moreover, the DNA damage and the interruption of cell cycle of SK-Hep-1 cells would be effectively raised after incubation with TsE combined with cisplatin for 24 h. The apoptosis of cells was dramatically induced, and the expression of caspases 3, 8, and 9, apoptosis-related protein, were significantly upregulated. Therefore, we proposed that the TsE combined with cisplatin inhibited cell proliferation by elevating sub-G1 phase, inducing DNA damage, activating caspases 3, 8, and 9 activities, and triggering cells apoptosis. These results reveal that TsE could be a potential adjuvant chemotherapeutic agent.


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