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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v6.i1.10
14 pages

Genoprotective Activity of Edible and Medicinal Mushroom Components

Yu-ling Shi
Department of Biology , The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Anthony E. James
Laboratory Animals Services Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Iris F. F. Benzie
Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China
John A. Buswell
Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201106, China

Краткое описание

Hot (100 °C) and cold (20 °C) water extracts of the fruit bodies of selected mushroom species have been tested for their ability to prevent H2O2-induced oxidative damage to cellular DNA using the single-cell gel electrophoresis ("Comet") assay. Highest genoprotection was observed with cold water and hot water extracts of Agaricus bisporus (J.Lge) Imbach and Ganoderma lucidum (W. Curt.:Fr.) Lloyd fruit bodies, respectively. The genoprotective effect of A. bisporus is associated with a heat-labile protein that has been purified following salt fractionation, combined with ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and adsorption chromatography. Based on catalytic and electrophoretic properties and enzyme inhibition studies, the protein was identified as tyrosinase. The genoprotective effect of the protein is dependent upon the enzyme-catalyzed conversion of tyrosine to L-DOPA and subsequent conversion of this metabolite to tyrosinase-generated L-DOPA oxidation products such as dopaquinone. We propose that these oxidation products trigger cellular processes that upregulate the overall antioxidant status of the cell and could be incorporated into preventive strategies and treatments of pathological conditions associated with elevated oxidative DNA damage and other manifestations of increased oxidative stress.


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