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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v6.i1.80
10 pages

Influence of Strain and Substrate Formulation of Culinary—Medicinal Maitake Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.:Fr.) S.F.Gray (Aphyllophoromycetideae) on Fruit Body Production

Daniel Job
Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Rue Emile Argand 11, Case Postale 2, CH-2007, Neuchatel, Switzerland
Isabelle Schiff -Giovannini
Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Universite de Neuchatel, Neuchatel, Switzerland

Краткое описание

Five wild European strains of culinary—medicinal maitake mushroom Grifola frondosa were compared for their growth rate, bulk cargo virulence, double board virulence, and in vitro fruiting capacity. Two strains were selected to obtain 15 new recombinant strains, which were compared for their capacity to form fruit bodies, their crop cycle time, and their yield production. Substrate formulation was developed for the best recombinant strain. Simple sawdust and wheat straw substrate, complemented with a nitrogen source, is the best way for the cultivation of G. frondosa in intensive block culture systems, with a 95% success and a yield of nearly 25% at the industrial stage. Nitrogen supplementation can increase both fruiting capacity and yield; however, the resulting carbon/nitrogen (C/N) coefficient should not be higher than 85/1, because it strongly inhibits the fruiting process in this species. The long domestication process of a wild strain is not needed to obtain good industrial results when the appropriate trophic and environmental conditions are applied.


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