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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Импакт фактор: 1.841 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.927 SJR: 0.627 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Печать: 1045-4403
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6502

Выпуски:
Том 29, 2019 Том 28, 2018 Том 27, 2017 Том 26, 2016 Том 25, 2015 Том 24, 2014 Том 23, 2013 Том 22, 2012 Том 21, 2011 Том 20, 2010 Том 19, 2009 Том 18, 2008 Том 17, 2007 Том 16, 2006 Том 15, 2005 Том 14, 2004 Том 13, 2003 Том 12, 2002 Том 11, 2001 Том 10, 2000 Том 9, 1999 Том 8, 1998 Том 7, 1997 Том 6, 1996 Том 5, 1995 Том 4, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2015013885
pages 245-251

Immunopathogenesis of Colitis-Associated Cancer in an Animal Model

Jun-Lin Zhao
Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital to Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
Chuan-Xing Xiao
Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
Bayasi Guleng
Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China; Medical College of Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China, 361005

Краткое описание

Chronic inflammation, such as that seen in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), greatly increases the risk of developing colon cancer. Growing evidence supports a role for T cell-mediated immune response and release of various cytokines in the pathogenesis of colitis-associated cancer (CAC). In fact, CD4+ effector T cells promote chronic inflammation associated with IBD through release of proinflammatory cytokines, which leads to initiation and progression of colon cancer. Furthermore, CD8+ T cells reduce tumor growth through cancer immunosurveillance, which can also contribute to intestinal inflammation and thereby might promote tumor growth. In contrast, regulatory T cells (Tregs) release the immunosuppressive cytokines IL-10, TGF-β and thus have protective effects in CAC. In addition, dendritic cells (DCs) are important components of antitumor immunity. Recently, a novel mouse model that was associated with repeated inflammation was established for investigating the immunopathogenesis of CAC. This review discusses the role of T cell-mediated immune response, and DCs and involved cytokines in the immunopathogenesis of CAC in an animal model, which may also provide future therapeutic targets in CAC.


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