Доступ предоставлен для: Guest
Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Импакт фактор: 1.841 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Печать: 1045-4403
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6502

Выпуски:
Том 30, 2020 Том 29, 2019 Том 28, 2018 Том 27, 2017 Том 26, 2016 Том 25, 2015 Том 24, 2014 Том 23, 2013 Том 22, 2012 Том 21, 2011 Том 20, 2010 Том 19, 2009 Том 18, 2008 Том 17, 2007 Том 16, 2006 Том 15, 2005 Том 14, 2004 Том 13, 2003 Том 12, 2002 Том 11, 2001 Том 10, 2000 Том 9, 1999 Том 8, 1998 Том 7, 1997 Том 6, 1996 Том 5, 1995 Том 4, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v8.i3-4.40
pages 297-320

Parathyroid Hormone-Related Peptide (PTHrP) and Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)/PTHrP Receptor

Beate Lanske
Molecular Endocrinology, Max-Planck Institut fur Biochemie, Am Klopferspitz 18a, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
Henry M. Kronenberg
Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114

Краткое описание

Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) has been identified as the factor responsible for the humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy (HHM). Since the cloning of the cDNA, it has become clear that PTHrP is a prohormone that is posttranslationally cleaved to yield a complex family of peptides. Through its homology to parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the amino-terminus region of the protein, it is able to bind to and activate a common PTH/PTHrP receptor. PTHrP has been shown to be a normal product of many adult and fetal tissues, where it appears to act in an autocrine/paracrine fashion to regulate organogenesis. PTHrP and the PTH/PTHrP receptor seem to be co-expressed in many tissues, but their role in the various systems is uncertain. The use of transgenic and knock-out animal models has contributed to a better understanding of the physiological role of this peptide and its receptor. In this review, the structure of their genes, their expression pattern, and some of their major physiological functions are discussed. Attention is focused on their interaction in the regulation of cartilage and bone development.