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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.137 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Печать: 1093-3611
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4360

Выпуски:
Том 23, 2019 Том 22, 2018 Том 21, 2017 Том 20, 2016 Том 19, 2015 Том 18, 2014 Том 17, 2013 Том 16, 2012 Том 15, 2011 Том 14, 2010 Том 13, 2009 Том 12, 2008 Том 11, 2007 Том 10, 2006 Том 9, 2005 Том 8, 2004 Том 7, 2003 Том 6, 2002 Том 5, 2001 Том 4, 2000 Том 3, 1999 Том 2, 1998 Том 1, 1997

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.2015015733
pages 19-27

PLASMA-CATHODE ELECTRON SOURCE BASED ON A LOW-PRESSURE ARC DISCHARGE IN THE MODE OF THE EMISSION CURRENT ENHANCEMENT

T. V. Koval
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Ave., Tomsk, 634050, Russia
Vladimir N. Devyatkov
Institute of High Current Electronics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3 Akademichesky Ave., Tomsk, 634055, Russia
Bao Hung Nguyen
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Ave., Tomsk, 634050, Russia
Vladimir V. Uglov
Belarusian State University, 4 Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus; National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 2a Lenin Ave., Tomsk, 634028, Russia

Краткое описание

In the electron beam source based on a plasma cathode with a grid-stabilized plasma emission boundary, the anode plasma significantly affects the limited parameters of the source and widely determines the main characteristics of the source. This paper describes a theoretical and experimental investigation of the discharge plasma generation and the significant increasing mode of the electron emission current in the plasma electron source based on a low-pressure arc discharge. The source works at a pressure of 0.02−0.05 Pa, an accelerating voltage of 10 kV, and a longitudinal magnetic field of 0.1 T. According to experiment and theory, plasma potential depends on the electric field that penetrates from the accelerating gap of anode plasma through the grid meshes, on the discharge current, gas pressure, grid geometric transparency, and on the gas type. It is shown that the basic mechanisms corresponding to the discharge current enhancement and emission current are associated with the secondary ion-electron emission of electrons in the plasma cathode and transport channel on the grid electrode, the presence of positive feedback between the plasma cathode generation area and electron beam transport channel.