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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Импакт фактор: 2.9 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.72 SJR: 0.573 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Печать: 0743-4863
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-660X

Выпуски:
Том 36, 2019 Том 35, 2018 Том 34, 2017 Том 33, 2016 Том 32, 2015 Том 31, 2014 Том 30, 2013 Том 29, 2012 Том 28, 2011 Том 27, 2010 Том 26, 2009 Том 25, 2008 Том 24, 2007 Том 23, 2006 Том 22, 2005 Том 21, 2004 Том 20, 2003 Том 19, 2002 Том 18, 2001 Том 17, 2000 Том 16, 1999 Том 15, 1998 Том 14, 1997 Том 13, 1996 Том 12, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.v27.i3.20
pages 237-278

Gemini Amphiphiles: A Novel Class of Nonviral Gene Delivery Vectors

Mukesh Kumar
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat
Kaustubh Jinturkar
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat
M.R. Yadav
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat
Ambikanandan Misra
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Post Box No. 51, Kalabhavan, Vadodara 390001 Gujarat, India

Краткое описание

A number of carriers have been developed for the delivery of genes, but the search for a clinically successful ideal carrier is ongoing. Nonviral carriers, especially cationic liposomes, were developed to resolve issues related to the immunogenicity and oncogenicity of viral carriers. Many synthetic cationic amphiphiles have been synthesized and structurally modified to incorporate genes into vesicular carriers to enhance DNA transfection efficiency and to reduce carrier toxicity. Of these carriers, gemini amphiphiles have demonstrated the suitable physiochemical properties needed for promising and novel gene carriers. Moreover, three basic parts (head, spacer, and chain) in the structure of gemini amphiphiles provide ample opportunities to tailor them according to the needs of specific gene delivery. Initial studies have demonstrated the superiority of gemini amphiphiles in gene delivery efficiency over currently used carriers for gene delivery. This article critically reviews these studies and provides a balanced view to fellow scientists to carry out their efforts in filling in the technological gaps.


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