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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Импакт фактор: 2.9 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.72 SJR: 0.573 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Печать: 0743-4863
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-660X

Выпуски:
Том 36, 2019 Том 35, 2018 Том 34, 2017 Том 33, 2016 Том 32, 2015 Том 31, 2014 Том 30, 2013 Том 29, 2012 Том 28, 2011 Том 27, 2010 Том 26, 2009 Том 25, 2008 Том 24, 2007 Том 23, 2006 Том 22, 2005 Том 21, 2004 Том 20, 2003 Том 19, 2002 Том 18, 2001 Том 17, 2000 Том 16, 1999 Том 15, 1998 Том 14, 1997 Том 13, 1996 Том 12, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.v29.i6.20
pages 487-527

In Vivo Delivery Aspects of miRNA, shRNA and siRNA

N. I. Khatri
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat State, India
Mohan N. Rathi
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat State, India
D. P. Baradia
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat State, India
S. Trehan
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kalabhavan, Vadodara, Gujarat State, India
Ambikanandan Misra
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Post Box No. 51, Kalabhavan, Vadodara 390001 Gujarat, India

Краткое описание

RNA interference (RNAi) is a wondrous phenomenon that silences the expression of targeted genes via distinct messenger RNA degradation pathways. It has the potential as a therapeutic agent for variety of diseases, including viral infections, cancer, and immune diseases. RNAi mainly conducts gene regulation by 3 ways: microRNA, short hairpin RNA, and small interfering RNA. However, in vivo delivery of RNAi therapeutics is restricted because of charge density, molecular weight, and instability in the presence of nucleases. Furthermore, intracellular accumulation and endosomal escape have remained significant barriers in the delivery of these macromolecules. Many viral and nonviral delivery vectors have been thoroughly investigated to overcome these barriers. Researchers have found applications for RNAi in a variety of diseases and, hence, various delivery systems have been explored to satisfy the need. Both local and systemic strategies have been utilized to elicit RNAi's effect and each carries its own therapeutic implications with varying margins of safety. This review is an effort to describe the types of RNAi and their application in a variety of diseases using both local and systemic delivery approaches. It is sure that advancement in this direction will evolve a new landscape for treating a range of diseases.


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