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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Печать: 2150-766X
ISSN Онлайн: 2150-7678

Выпуски:
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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2012004956
pages 169-186

ENERGETIC RESIDUES FROM THE DETONATION OF COMMON US ORDNANCE

Michael R. Walsh
US Army Corps of Engineers, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, 72 Lyme Road, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-1290, USA
Marianne E Walsh
US Army Corps of Engineers, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, 72 Lyme Road, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-1290, USA
I. Poulin
Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier, 2459 Pie-XI Blvd. North, Quebec, Canada
Susan Taylor
Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, 72 Lyme Road, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-1290, USA
Thomas A. Douglas
US Army Corps of Engineers, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, 72 Lyme Road, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-1290, USA

Краткое описание

Munitions containing high explosives are used on military ranges during training. The detonation of these munitions leaves varying amounts of energetic residues on the ranges. Measuring individual detonation residues has been difficult because of the danger from unexploded ordnance on active ranges, the presence of energetics from past activities, and difficulties processing and analyzing soils containing minute quantities of explosives. A method has been developed whereby it is possible to measure energetic residues from the detonation of individual rounds. Two types of ranges have been used: snow-covered ranges underlain by frozen soil or ice. Both present a pristine sampling surface with a simple sampling matrix: snow. Using multi-increment sampling methods, we tested 11 types of munitions and looked at four scenarios: high- and low-order live-fire detonations, blow-in-place detonations, and the effect of a high-order detonation on a close-proximity unexploded ordnance item. Explosives residues deposition rates varied from 10−6% for high-order detonations to over 50% for close-proximity detonations resulting in partial detonation of the ordnance item. Implications for the range management community include groundwater contamination, security risks from unsecured high explosives, and environmental degradation leading to eventual loss of the range facilities.


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