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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN Печать: 1072-8325
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-431X

Выпуски:
Том 25, 2019 Том 24, 2018 Том 23, 2017 Том 22, 2016 Том 21, 2015 Том 20, 2014 Том 19, 2013 Том 18, 2012 Том 17, 2011 Том 16, 2010 Том 15, 2009 Том 14, 2008 Том 13, 2007 Том 12, 2006 Том 11, 2005 Том 10, 2004 Том 9, 2003 Том 8, 2002 Том 7, 2001 Том 6, 2000 Том 5, 1999 Том 4, 1998 Том 3, 1997 Том 2, 1995 Том 1, 1994

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2019021205
pages 93-118

QUITTING SCIENCE: FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE EXIT FROM THE STEM WORKFORCE

Cheryl M. Harris
Government Accountability Office, 441 G Street NW Washington, DC 202266

Краткое описание

Bolstering the numbers of science and engineering workers has been an ongoing focus in U.S. education and economic policy for decades. Federal officials have introduced initiatives to encourage more students to earn degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), with the goal of having them contribute to the U.S. scientific and technological workforce. Yet, not every worker in a STEM job will see his or her career as the obvious path toward job satisfaction and high income. The majority of the literature that documents the rate of exit of professionals from STEM careers has mostly focused on men and women holding degrees from a designated traditional, four-year institution, with some focus on underrepresented minorities. A closer look at the rate of exit of STEM professionals from a nationally representative sample of U.S. citizens who are women and minorities and who hold two-year degrees may further help education officials create new policies to entice such prospective students to earn a STEM degree, pursue a STEM job, and stay on the job. This study examines the rate of exit of workers from STEM to non-STEM jobs from 1979 through 2010 using a subset of the nationally representative sample of 12,686 men and women from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79). A discrete-time survival analysis measured the rate of exit based on age, region, income, marital status, educational attainment, gender, and race. The research results show that female and black workers are more likely than male and non-black/non-Hispanic workers, respectively, to leave STEM jobs; yet, women are more likely to stay in STEM jobs that include the healthcare fields.