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Gravity Independent Subcooled Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Regime

DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.2004.IntThermSciSemin.720
pages 587-594

Jason S. Bower
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

James F. Klausner
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida


Using an existing model for vapor bubble detachment, a subcooled flow boiling regime was identified where vapor bubble dynamics is independent of the gravitational field. The Jacob number and a dimensionless flow parameter were used to identify the boundaries of this regime. This work describes an experimental investigation of subcooled flow boiling heat transfer using FC-87 that was conducted with Jacob number ranging from 16 to 40, bulk flow velocity ranging from 0.39 to 1.17 m/s, and test section orientations of 0° horizontal flow, 45° upflow, 90° upflow, 315° downflow, and 270° downflow. The differences in the Nusselt number with different flow orientations is elucidated over the parameter space considered. Flow conditions where the heat transfer is independent of gravity have been identified and compared with the gravity dependent/independent regime map. It has been observed that at a particular Jacob number, the heat transfer is gravity independent at a lower bulk flow velocity than what is predicted by the theoretically based gravity dependent/independent regime map. Thus for design purposes, the regime map gives a conservative estimate for when the flow transitions into the gravity independent parameter space.

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