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International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.219 SNIP: 0.261 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9429
ISSN On-line: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v1.i2.10
pages 1-17

Diversity of algae in Ukraine

P. M. Tsarenko
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereschenkovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine
G. M. Palamar-Mordvintseva
N. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2, Tereshchenkovskaya St., 01001 Kiev
Solomon P. Wasser
International Centre for Biotechnology and Biodiversity of Fungi Institute of Evolution and Faculty of Natural Sciences University of Haifa, Mt. Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel

RESUMO

Generalized data on the species composition and zonal distribution of algae in Ukraine are given. Peculiarities of occurrence and distribution of algae in Ukraine as a whole and in some regions are discussed with reference to certain groups of algae. The algal flora of Ukraine is one of the richest in Europe. At present, it contains 3 708 species (4 823 infraspecific taxa, including those containing nomenclatural types of species) of algae. Distribution of algae in Ukraine is nonuniform. Their diversity varies drastically in different physiographical regions of Ukraine: Forest-Steppe zone - 2 292 species (2 776 infraspecific taxa), Forest zone (Ukrainian Polissya) - 2 007 (2 559), Steppe - 1 844 (2 183); and mountains: the Ukrainian Carpathians - 1 157 (1 405) and Mountain Crimea - 987 (1 193). The basis of the species diversity of algae of Ukraine is formed by representatives of Chlorophyta, Bacillariophyta, Cyanophyta and Euglenophyta (about 87 % of the total species composition).