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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v11.i3.80
pages 287-302

Species Diversity and Utilization of Medicinal Mushrooms and Fungi in China (Review)

Yu-Cheng Dai
Institute of Microbiology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China
Zhu-Liang Yang
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, China
Bao-Kai Cui
Institute of Microbiology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China
Chang-Jun Yu
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
Li-Wei Zhou
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China

RESUMO

The investigation and utilization of medicinal fungi in China has received considerable attention in recent years. However, information on medicinal fungi is scattered throughout the literature, and many nomenclatural inconsistencies have been found in the Chinese reports. The publications on Chinese medicinal fungi have been critically checked; as a result, 540 medicinal mushrooms and fungi from China were enumerated in the present checklist. All names have been checked or revised in accordance with contemporary taxonomy and the latest version of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). The "out-of-date" names, illegitimate names, nonexistent names, and misapplied names in previous reports were revised. The common synonyms are listed after their valid names. The main medicinal functions of each species, together with the original or important references, are provided. The 540 species belonging to 10 classes, 26 orders, 76 families, and 199 genera of Ascomycota and Basidiomycota have been recorded with medicinal values. Most are the higher Basidiomycetes (482 species), which comprise approximately 89% of all the Chinese medicinal species. In total, 126 medicinal functions are thought to be provided by Chinese medicinal fungi, and 331 (61% of the total medicinal fungi) can be used as antitumor agents. Other common functions are hemostasis, antibacterial, improving immunity, detoxication, and anti-inflammatory. Fifteen species, including Ganoderma lucidum, are the most important or commonly used medicinal fungi, and 26 species, including Agaricus bisporus, are commonly cultivated in China as food or for medicinal products.


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