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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 22, 2020 Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v15.i4.40
pages 365-371

Macrophage Activation−Mediated Hydrogen Peroxide Generation by the Royal Sun Medicinal Mushroom Agaricus brasiliensis (Higher Basidiomycetes)

Masashi Mizuno
Department of Agrobioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
Yosuke Nishitani
Health Bioscience Team, Organization of Advanced Science and Technology, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan

RESUMO

Agaricus brasiliensis has been demonstrated to have potent antitumor activity. The activity is postulated to act through mediation of the host immune system. We have reported that A. brasiliensis extract (ABE) inhibited compound 48/80 induced a systemic anaphylaxis-like reaction, ear swelling response, and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis-like reaction in mice. There is some recent information available on the mechanism of antiallergic effects resulting from oral administration of ABE. However, information regarding how ABE may activate macrophages through intestinal epithelial cells is still limited. To clarify the mechanism of macrophages activation by ABE, a gut in vitro model constructed of Caco-2 and RAW264.7 cells was applied. Treatment of ABE to the apical compartment resulted in significant increases in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production in the basolateral compartment. Moreover, addition of catalase to the basolateral compartment before ABE treatment suppressed TNF-α production completely, but the addition of superoxide dismutase did not suppress this at all. These data suggest that ABE could potentiate hydrogen peroxide emissions from Caco-2 cells into the basolateral side and activate macrophages, which is important in the immune system.


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