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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v13.i2.120
pages 193-199

Cultivation of the Culinary-Medicinal Lung Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél. (Agaricomycetideae) on Grass Plants in Taiwan

Zeng-Chin Liang
Department of Bioresources, Da-Yeh University, Changhua County 515, Taiwan
Kuan-Jzen Wu
Division of Plant Pathology, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Jinn-Chyi Wang
Department of Food Science and Technology, Tajen University, Shin-Erh Village, Yen-Pu Shiang, Pingtung, Taiwan
Chorng-Horng Lin
Department of Bioresources, Da-Yeh University, Datsun, Changhua, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Chiu-Yeh Wu
Department of Culinary Arts, Chung Chou University of Science and Technology, Changhua, Taiwan, Republic of China


Cultivation of the culinary-medicinal Lung Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus pulmonarius, on the stalks of three grass plants, i.e., Panicum repens, Pennisetum purpureum, and Zea mays were investigated. The effects of various combinatorial substrates on mushroom mycelial growth and yield calculated as biological efficiency (BE) were determined. Among 9 experimental substrates, the most suitable substrate for mycelial growth was 45ZMS:45S, followed by 45PRS:45S; their mycelial growth rates were obviously quicker than that of the control substrate. The BEs of all the experimental substrates respectively containing P. repens stalk, P. purpureum stalk and Z. mays stalk were higher than that of the control (39.55%) during the 2.5 months of cultivation period. The best substrate in terms of BE was 60ZMS:30S (58.33%), followed by 45PRS:45S (57.16%), 45ZMS:45S (49.86%), and 30ZMS:60S (47.20%). Based on the BE of the tested substrates, Z. mays stalk appeared to be the best alternative material for the production of P. pulmonarius.

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