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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Cultivation of the Culinary-Medicinal Lung Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél. (Agaricomycetideae) on Grass Plants in Taiwan
Department of Bioresources, Da-Yeh University, Changhua County 515, Taiwan
Division of Plant Pathology, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Department of Food Science and Technology, Tajen University, Shin-Erh Village, Yen-Pu Shiang, Pingtung, Taiwan
Department of Bioresources, Da-Yeh University, Datsun, Changhua, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Department of Culinary Arts, Chung Chou University of Science and Technology, Changhua, Taiwan, Republic of China
Cultivation of the culinary-medicinal Lung Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus pulmonarius, on the stalks of three grass plants, i.e., Panicum repens, Pennisetum purpureum, and Zea mays were investigated. The effects of various combinatorial substrates on mushroom mycelial growth and yield calculated as biological efficiency (BE) were determined. Among 9 experimental substrates, the most suitable substrate for mycelial growth was 45ZMS:45S, followed by 45PRS:45S; their mycelial growth rates were obviously quicker than that of the control substrate. The BEs of all the experimental substrates respectively containing P. repens stalk, P. purpureum stalk and Z. mays stalk were higher than that of the control (39.55%) during the 2.5 months of cultivation period. The best substrate in terms of BE was 60ZMS:30S (58.33%), followed by 45PRS:45S (57.16%), 45ZMS:45S (49.86%), and 30ZMS:60S (47.20%). Based on the BE of the tested substrates, Z. mays stalk appeared to be the best alternative material for the production of P. pulmonarius.
Palavras-chave: culinary-medicinal mushrooms, Pleurotus pulmonarius, Lung Oyster mushroom, cultivation, grass plant, mycelial growth, biological efficiency
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