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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 22, 2020 Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018028582
pages 1003-1011

Influence of Strain Preservation Methods on Fruiting Body Growth and Metabolite Production by the Medicinal Mushroom Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes)

Qing Liu
State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Fen Wang
State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Kuanbo Liu
State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Caihong Dong
State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

RESUMO

Cordyceps militaris is a highly valued edible and medicinal fungus because of its production of various metabolites including adenosine, cordycepin, and N6-(2-hydroxyethyl)-adenosine. Fruiting bodies of this fungus have been used successfully in industrial production and widely as a substitute for Ophiocordyceps sinensis (syn. C. sinensis) in traditional Chinese medicine and health supplements. Strain degeneration occurs with high frequency during the subculturing and preservation of C. militaris strains, which leads to significant losses during industrial production. In this study, we evaluated the effects of different strain preservation methods on fruiting body growth and metabolite production. We found that strain degeneration affects not only fruiting body differentiation but also metabolite production, and suitable preservation methods can avoid degeneration. Preservation in sterile water has a similar effect as cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen at -196°C with regard to maintaining the characteristics of C. militaris strains for at least 1 year, and it is a practical and satisfactory method for preserving C. militaris strains that can be used in factories. Ultracold freezing at -80°C is not suitable for this fungus. Lyophilization, which causes C. militaris strains to retain their inherent characteristics and avoid degeneration, is suitable for long-term preservation (at least 4 years). This study provides practical preservation methods for C. militaris strains over the short and long term and will be helpful to achieve stable and superior-quality production of C. militaris fruiting bodies.