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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Fator do impacto: 1.841 FI de cinco anos: 1.927 SJR: 0.627 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Imprimir: 1045-4403
ISSN On-line: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2014008275
pages 325-339

A Review of the Strategies for Obtaining High-Quality Crystals Utilizing Nanotechnologies and Microgravity

Eugenia Pechkova
Nanoworld Institute Fondazione ELBA Nicolini, Pradalunga, Bergamo 24100, Italy ; Biophysics and Nanobiotechnology Laboratories, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Genova, Genoa 16121-16167, Italy; European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Nanoworld Institute Fondazione EL.B.A Nicolini (FEN), Pradalunga, Largo Redaelli 7, Bergamo 24100, Italy; Biophysics and Nanobiotechnology Laboratories (BNL), Department of Experimental Medicine (DIMES), University of Genoa, Via Antonio Pastore 3, Genoa
Marine Bozdaganyan
Nanoworld Institute Fondazione EL.B.A Nicolini (FEN), Pradalunga, Largo Redaelli 7, Bergamo 24100, Italy; Lomonosov Moscow State University, Biological Faculty, 119991 Moscow, Leninskie Gory, 1/19, Russia
Luca Belmonte
Nanobiotechnology and Biophysics Laboratories (NBL), Department of Experimental Medicine (DIMES), University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; Nanoworld Institute Fondazione EL.B.A Nicolini (FEN), Pradalunga, Bergamo, Italy
Claudio Nicolini
Nanoworld Institute Fondazione ELBA Nicolini, Pradalunga, Bergamo 24100, Italy; Biophysics and Nanobiotechnology Laboratories, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Genova, Genoa 16121-16167, Italy; European Synchrotron Radiation Facility

RESUMO

Crystallization is a highly demanding and time-consuming task that causes a real bottle-neck in basic research. Great effort has been made to understand the factors and parameters that influence this process and to finely tune them to facilitate crystal growth. Different crystallization techniques have been proposed over the past decades, such as the classical vapor hanging drop method, its variant the sitting drop method, dialysis, cryo-temperature, gel, batch, and the innovative microgravity (space) techniques like free interface diffusion (FID) and counter-ion diffusion (CID). Here, we present a review of the strategies utilizing Langmuir-Blodgett (LB)-based nanotechnologies, and microgravity techniques for obtaining optimal high-quality crystals, as proven by molecular dynamics (MD) and bioinformatics approaches, namely using a clustering algorithm and protein alignment.


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