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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
ESCI SJR: 0.176 SNIP: 0.48 CiteScore™: 1.3

ISSN Imprimir: 1093-3611
ISSN On-line: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v15.i4.40
pages 283-291

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION IN A PLASMA PILOT REACTOR FOR CARBON BLACK PRODUCTION

Frederic Fabry
C. N. R. S., Institut de Science et de Genie des Materiaux et Procedes B. P. 5, Odeillo, F-66125 Font-Romeu Cedex
Benjamin Ravary
Centre D'Energetique, Ecole Des Mines De Paris; Rue Claude Daunesse, B. P. 207, F-06904 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
Ph. Bertrand
C. N. R. S., Institut de Science et de Genie des Materiaux et Procedes B. P. 5, Odeillo, F-66125 Font-Romeu Cedex
J. M. Badie
C. N. R. S., Institut de Science et de Genie des Materiaux et Procedes B. P. 5, Odeillo, F-66125 Font-Romeu Cedex
L. Fulcheri
Centre D'Energetique, Ecole Des Mines De Paris; Rue Claude Daunesse, B. P. 207, F-06904 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
Gilles Flamant
CNRS PROMES UPR 8521, Tecnosud, Rambla de la Thermodynamique, 66100 Perpignan, France
I. Yu. Smurov
C. N. R. S., Institut de Science et de Genie des Materiaux et Procedes B. P. 5, Odeillo, F-66125 Font-Romeu Cedex; Ecole Nationale d'Ingenieurs de Saint-Etienne, 58 rue Jean Parot, 42023 Saint -Etienne Cedex 2, France

RESUMO

The conception and optimization of high temperature plasma process for carbon blacks synthesis from hydrocarbons by pyrolysis is the objective of a European industrial association. To control the process by correlating the operating conditions and the product properties, it is necessary to examine the internal behavior of the reactor and more particularly the temperature field in the plasma flow and along the reactor wall. Typical emission spectroscopy and optical pyrometry results are presented in this paper, including: evolution and distribution of plasma temperature inside the reactor obtained by analysis of C2 Swan Band and of wall temperature. Experimental temperature distribution is then compared with numerical simulation data including electromagnetic forces, fluid dynamics and heat transfer.

Referências

  1. Fulcheri, L., Schwob, Y., andFlamant, G. , Comparison between new carbon nanostructures produced by plasma cracking with industrial carbon black grades.

  2. Bousrih, S., Ershov-Pavlov, E., Megy, S., and Baronnet, J.-M. , Hydrogen/Argon Plasma Jet with Methane Addition.

  3. Bertrand, Ph., Ignatiev, M., Smurov, I., and Flamant, G. , Temperature Monitoring during Plasma-Arc Welding and Cladding.

  4. Ravary, B., Fulcheri, L., Bakken, J. A., Flamant, G., and Fabry, F. , Analysis of the Electromagnetic Forces in a 3-Phase AC Plasma Reactor. Influence on the Hydrodynamic Flow.


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