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Hydrobiological Journal
SJR: 0.227 SNIP: 0.901 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Imprimir: 0018-8166
ISSN On-line: 1943-5991

Volumes:
Volume 56, 2020 Volume 55, 2019 Volume 54, 2018 Volume 53, 2017 Volume 52, 2016 Volume 51, 2015 Volume 50, 2014 Volume 49, 2013 Volume 48, 2012 Volume 47, 2011 Volume 46, 2010 Volume 45, 2009 Volume 44, 2008 Volume 43, 2007 Volume 42, 2006 Volume 41, 2005 Volume 40, 2004 Volume 39, 2003 Volume 38, 2002 Volume 37, 2001 Volume 36, 2000 Volume 35, 1999 Volume 34, 1998

Hydrobiological Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v55.i6.10
pages 3-15

Radioecology of Fresh Waters in Ukraine: Formation and Development

M. I. Kuzmenko
Institute of Hydrobiology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kyiv, Ukraine

RESUMO

The first experimental studies on the impact of the Ro-rays, γ-irradiation and other sources of the ionizing irradiation on the living organisms of different taxa, carried out in late XIX - early XX cent., served as a basis for arising of the radiation biology - radiobiology, the fundamental study, which deals with effects of all kinds of the ionizing irradiation on the biological systems of different levels of structural and functional organization, from molecules and intracellular structures to communities and ecosystems. Radioecology of the fresh waters as scientific field was developed on the basis of the experimental investigations of the ionizing irradiation on the aquatic organisms and activity and behavior of the artificial radionuclides, which enter the hydrosphere owing to the nuclear weapon tests and development of the nuclear energetics. The scientific and technical progress to the great extent is provided by the nuclear technologies, which are widely used in the energetics, military industry, medicine and various fields of researches. Among the priority tasks of the aquatic radioecology are processes of the natural and technogeneous radionuclides' distribution and migration in the biotic and abiotic components of the aquatic ecosystems, forming of the ionizing irradiation doses in the ecological niches, radio-effects in the biological systems of different structural and functional levels, control of radiation risks in the vital activity of the living world.

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