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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.142 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Imprimir: 2150-766X
ISSN On-line: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2013005410
pages 447-461

DESTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS BY DAVINCH® DETONATION CHAMBER

Masahiko Sugimoto
Engineering Department Nuclear & CWD Division Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe, Japan 2-4, Wakinohama-Kaigandori 2-chome, Chuo-ku, Kobe, HYOGO, 651-8585, Japan
Masaya Ueda
Engineering Department Nuclear & CWD Division Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe, Japan 2-4, Wakinohama-Kaigandori 2-chome, Chuo-ku, Kobe, HYOGO, 651-8585, Japan
Joseph K. Asahina
Engineering Department Nuclear & CWD Division Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe, Japan 2-4, Wakinohama-Kaigandori 2-chome, Chuo-ku, Kobe, HYOGO, 651-8585, Japan

RESUMO

Destruction of munitions including toxic substances by open detonation/open burning becomes more and more difficult due to increasing emphasis on environmental protection. The destruction in a robust chamber utilizing explosive energy is one of the most effective ways to destroy toxic and/or chemical munitions. This paper describes features of a detonation system named DAVINCH® (Detonation of Ammunition in Vacuum INtegrated CHamber), including the feature of chamber construction based on a new American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) design code 2564 on detonation chamber, feature of implosion, and its high destruction efficiency (DE) as well as environmental friendliness. The authors also propose effective and practical mobile systems named DAVINCHlite on land and DAVINCHfloat on the sea, which are on-site destruction systems where the munitions are found.

Referências

  1. Anon: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Code Cases: Boilers and Pressure Vessels, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, 2008.

  2. Asahina, J. K. and Shirakura, T. , Detonation Chamber of Chemical Munitions–Its Design Philosophy and Operation Record at Kanda, Japan.

  3. Asahina, J. K., Koide, K. and Tada, T. , Study on controlled detonation chamber systems of chemical weapons (II), a study on optimization of controlled detonation.


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