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Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Fator do impacto: 1.241 FI de cinco anos: 1.349 SJR: 0.356 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 1.61

ISSN Imprimir: 0731-8898
ISSN On-line: 2162-6537

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v26.i2.90
pages 143-147

Improving the Management of Bladder Cancer with Fluorescence Cystoscopy

H. Barton Grossman
Department of Urology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 1373, Houston, TX 77030, USA

RESUMO

Endoscopic visualization (cystoscopy) and transurethral resection are effective, well-tolerated diagnostic and treatment techniques for bladder cancer. However, it is widely recognized that cystoscopy can miss biologically important lesions, such as carcinoma in situ. Attempts to improve the effectiveness of cystoscopy are not new, but initial methods were impractical and had limited efficacy. Fluorescence cystoscopy became feasible with the discovery that intravesical administration of aminolevulinic acid (ALA) made bladder cancers fluoresce when exposed to blue light. More recently, the creation of a hexyl ester of ALA (HAL) made this technique practical, because HAL significantly shortens the amount of time needed for drug exposure prior to cystoscopy. Not surprisingly, studies have shown that fluorescence cystoscopy can reveal carcinoma in situ that is visually occult under conventional (white-light) cystoscopy. An unexpected finding was that fluorescence cystoscopy also enhanced the detection of papillary tumors. Studies with ALA have shown that resection of bladder cancer with fluorescence results in improved disease-free survival compared to conventional resection under white light. This report summarizes some of the recent studies of fluorescence cystoscopy in bladder cancer.


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