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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.905 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN Imprimir: 1072-8325
ISSN On-line: 1940-431X

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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.v1.i1.20
pages 17-28

THE EFFECT OF INQUIRY ACTIVITIES ON ELEMENTARY STUDENTS' ENJOYMENT, EASE, AND CONFIDENCE IN DOING SCIENCE: AN ANALYSIS BY SEX AND RACE

Jane Butler Kahle
School of Education and Allied Professions, Miami University, Oxford, OH
Arta Damnjanovic
Miami University, 421 McGuffey Hall, Oxford, OH 45056

RESUMO

The study reported here assessed changes in elementary students' enjoyment, ease, and confidence in doing science. Responses were gathered before and after students participated in inquiry activities concerning electricity. All responses were analyzed by sex and race. Participation in inquiry activities increased both African-American and Caucasian girls' enjoyment of electricity topics, thereby decreasing the difference between boys' and girls' responses. However, regardless of the inquiry experience, Caucasian girls expressed less self-confidence in their scientific ability and found the electricity topic to be more difficult than did African-American girls or boys in both racial groups. Although all students indicated equally high confidence in their ability to be an electrician after the inquiry activities, boys continued to express sex-role stereotypic views of that career.


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