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ISSN オンライン: 2642-0554

INVERSE MAGNUS EFFECT ON A ROTATING SPHERE

Jooha Kim
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University Seoul 151-744, Korea

Hyungmin Park
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Seoul National University Seoul 151-744, Korea

Haecheon Choi
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Seoul National University 1, Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea

Jung Yul Yoo
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

要約

For a rotating sphere or cylinder, the lift coefficients become negative at some specific Reynolds numbers Re and spin ratios α (ratio of surface velocity to the free-stream velocity), called inverse Magnus effect. In the present study, the inverse Magnus effect on a rotating sphere is experimentally investigated at Re = 0.6 × 105 − 1.8 × 105, based on the free-stream velocity U0 and sphere diameter d. By varying the spin ratio from 0 (no spin) to 1.7, we measure the lift, drag, and velocity field behind the rotating sphere. At a given Re, the lift force is positive, negative and then positive again with increasing spin ratio. At higher Reynolds number, the rapid decrease of the lift coefficient occurs at lower spin ratio and thus the negative lift (i.e. inverse Magnus effect) starts to appear at lower spin ratio. The velocity field measured from a particle image velocimetry (PIV) indicates that the inverse Magnus effect results from the differences in the boundary-layer growth and separation along the retreating and advancing sphere surfaces: i.e., the main separation is delayed more on the advancing side than on the retreating side. The radius of curvature of streamlines on the advancing side becomes smaller than that on the retreating side, resulting in lower pressure on the advancing side. As a result, the lift force becomes negative with the wake deflected from advancing to retreating side.