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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
インパクトファクター: 1.423 5年インパクトファクター: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 印刷: 1521-9437
ISSN オンライン: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v19.i5.10
pages 387-394

Investigation of Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, and Xanthine Oxidase−Inhibitory Activities of Phellinus (Agaricomycetes) Mushroom Species Native to Central Europe

Bernadett Kovacs
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Zoltan Peter Zomborszki
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Orsolya Orban-Gyapai
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Boglarka Csupor-Loffler
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Erika Liktor-Busa
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Andrea Lazar
Institute of Clinical Microbiology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Viktor Papp
Department of Botany, Szent Istvan University, Budapest, Hungary
Edit Urban
Institute of Clinical Microbiology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Judit Hohmann
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary; Interdisciplinary Centre for Natural Products, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Attila Vanyolos
Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

要約

Ten representative Central European phellinoid Hymenochaetaceae species (Phellinus sensu lato) were selected to examine their potential pharmacological activity. In this study 40 organic (n-hexane, chloroform, 50% methanol) and aqueous extracts with different polarities were analyzed for their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and xanthine oxidase (XO)−inhibitory properties. Fomitiporia robusta, Fuscoporia torulosa, Phellopilus nigrolimitatus, and Porodaedalea chrysoloma showed moderate antibacterial activity; Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300, and Moraxella catarrhalis ATCC 43617 were the strains most susceptible to the examined fungal species. The in vitro antioxidant and XO assays demonstrated that most of the selected species possess remarkable antioxidant and XO-inhibitory activities. The water extracts in general proved to be more active antioxidants than organic extracts. In the case of F. torulosa, Ph. Nigrolimitatus, and P. chrysoloma, the results of DPPH tests correlate well with those obtained by oxygen radical absorbance capacity tests; these mushrooms presented high antioxidant activities in both assays. Future studies involving phellinoid Hymenochaetaceae species are planned, which may furnish novel results in terms of the species' pharmacological activity and the specific compounds responsible for the observed activity.


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