ライブラリ登録: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begellデジタルライブラリー 電子書籍 ジャーナル 参考文献と会報 リサーチ集
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
インパクトファクター: 1.423 5年インパクトファクター: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 印刷: 1521-9437
ISSN オンライン: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v12.i2.100
pages 193-199

Conservation of Medicinal Mushrooms in the V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute Basidiomycetes Culture Collection (LE-BIN, Russia)

Nadezhda V. Psurtseva
V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences Prof. Popov St. 2, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia

要約

Conservation of medicinal mushrooms in specialized culture collections and genetic resource centers creates the best conditions for culture preservation and provides considerable resources for the screening of mushroom biological activity. The Komarov Botanical Institute Culture Collection LE-BIN is the most unique specialized Basidiomycetes culture collection in Russia, which now preserves approximately 10% of the natural diversity of Basidiomycetes in Russia—over 1,570 strains of 601 species, including a great variety of medicinal mushrooms. The diversity of species and strains is gradually increasing in the LE-BIN Culture Collection. Obtaining and preserving medicinal mushrooms are among the priorities in developing the collection. Numerous strains of such species studied all over the world, such as Flammulina velutipes, Fomes fomentarius, Ganoderma lucidum, Inonotus obliquus, Lentinus edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus, Schizophyllum commune, etc., are maintained in the LE-BIN. Investigations of the biological activity of Basidiomycetes that have been carried out in the Komarov Botanical Institute for over 50 years revealed strains with fibrino- and thrombolytic, hallucinogenic, and antitumor activities. It was found that cultures of some medicinal mushrooms possessed phytotoxic, milk clotting, and ligninolytic activity, as well. The correct identification of mushrooms is very important, especially for medical treatments; therefore, verification of strains in the LE-BIN Collection is carried out using cultural, biochemical, and molecular methods. As a result, a number of strains were reidentified. The names of the LE-BIN cultures are regularly reviewed following modern nomenclature.


Articles with similar content:

Diversity of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms Used in the Noun Division of the West Region of Cameroon
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.18, 2016, issue 5
Eske De Crop, Tonjock Rosemary Kinge, Abdoulayi Mbouombouo Mbenmoun, André Ledoux Njouonkou, Annemieke Verbeken, Elvire Hortense Biyé
Therapeutic Effects of Substances Occurring in Higher Basidiomycetes Mushrooms: A Modern Perspective
Critical Reviews™ in Immunology, Vol.19, 1999, issue 1
Solomon P. Wasser, Alexander L. Weis
Medicinal Properties of Substances Occurring in Higher Basidiomycetes Mushrooms: Current Perspectives (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.1, 1999, issue 1
Solomon P. Wasser, Alexander L. Weis
Biology, Food, Medicinal, and Biotechnological Applications of the Tropical Mushroom Pleurotus tuberregium (Rumph.:Fr.) Singer
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Paul E. Stamets, Rytas Vilgalys, Omoanghe S. Isikhuemhen
Physiological and Chemical Variations in the Cultivated Culinary-Medicinal Maitake Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.: Fr.)S.F. Gray (Aphyllophoromycetideae) in Conjunction with Strain, Substrate, and Technical Treatments
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.6, 2004, issue 3
Eliane Abou-Mansour, Francois Gillet, Isabelle Schiff Giovannini, Daniel Job