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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
インパクトファクター: 1.841 5年インパクトファクター: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN 印刷: 1045-4403
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v18.i4.30
pages 345-360

The Amelogenin "Enamel Proteins" and Cells in the Periodontium

Carolyn W. Gibson
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA

要約

This overview will examine the multifunctional nature of a group of proteins known as the amelogenins. These secreted proteins were named in the 1960s because of their expected role during development of dental enamel [Eastoe JE. Adv Fluorine Res. 1965;21:5−17]. As gene expression assays became more sensitive, expression was also noted in tissues not involved with enamel formation leading to hypotheses concerning additional roles for these proteins. In vitro approaches led to the discovery that some of the amelogenins are able to regulate gene expression and to participate in cellular signaling. An extract containing predominately amelogenins has been used clinically in treatment of certain forms of pcriodontal disease with regenerative results noted originally in animal models, but later in human patients as well. Much literature has been devoted to the roles of amelogenins during mineral formation, and therefore this topic will be covered primarily in the Introduction. The goal of this review will be to focus on strategies that have been used to uncover roles of amelogenins related to gene expression and development apart from the roles in enamel mineral, and the possible functions that these proteins could have if delivered to normally nonexpressing tissues for therapeutic approaches.


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