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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
インパクトファクター: 1.841 5年インパクトファクター: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN 印刷: 1045-4403
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.v14.i12.40
14 pages

Breakpoint Clusters: Reason or Consequence?

Andrey A. Bystritskiy
Laboratory of Structural and Functional Organization of Chromosomes, Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilov Str. 34/5, 119334 Moscow, Russia
Sergey V. Razin
Laboratory of Structural and Functional Organization of hromosomes, Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilov Str. 34/5, 117334 Moscow, Russia

要約

Chromosomal rearrangements are common causes of cancer. In the majority of cases, the malignancy is induced via an altered transcription factor. The breakpoints of such translocations are often mysteriously tightly clustered in the genome. Even more surprisingly, such breakpoint clusters often contain specific genomic elements, such as topoisomerase II consensus sites, nuclear matrix attachment regions, etc. In this review, we discuss the common idea of breakpoints being induced by chromatin structure. We also touch on the question of whether the structure of corresponding proteins is related to the positions of breakpoints. Finally, we refer to recent works on chromosome territories and their distribution in the interphase nucleus.


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