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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.26 SNIP: 0.375 CiteScore™: 1.4

ISSN 印刷: 0278-940X
ISSN オンライン: 1943-619X

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v28.i12.110
pages 61-67

CFD Investigation of Steady Flow in Bi-Leaflet Heart Valve Hinge

JunHong Wang
School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
Tony Joon Hock Yeo
School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
Chu-Sing Lim
School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

要約

This paper focuses on local flow patterns inside the hinge socket of a bi-leaflet mechanical heart valve (MHV), where experimental measurements are difficult due to the extremely small flow region of about 40 mm. The overall objective of this study is to simulate the steady flow in this confined micro channel within the hinge region of a partially protruded ball hinge concept. A CFD simulation of flow through a bi-leaflet heart valve hinge was carried out. Steady flow with the valve leaflet in the fully open position during the valve systole phase was studied using FLUENT 4.4.7 running on Silicon Graphics. Body Fitted Coordinates (BFC) grid distribution was applied in the overall flow domain and great care was taken at the mesh distribution within the hinge local area. The flow study focused on local flow patterns inside the hinge socket of the valve where experimental measurements in the actual size valve are not practical. СЮ results show evidence of flow in local area of hinge and no evidence of stagnation. Flow migrates across the clearance, and small vortices are formed after the hinge stoppers. The results indicate that flow in the hinge region is complex and critical for the valve to function effectively.


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