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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.905 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN 印刷: 1072-8325
ISSN オンライン: 1940-431X

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.v15.i4.50
pages 357-377

RACE, SEX, AND JOB SATISFACTION IN SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS: A FOCUS ON ASIAN-AMERICANS

Sandra L. Hanson
Department of Sociology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064
Fang Fang
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

要約

This research uses data from the 2003 National Survey of College Graduates to examine the effect of race and sex on job satisfaction among scientists with a special focus on Asian-Americans. Three aspects of job satisfaction are considered, namely, general, intrinsic, and extrinsic. Findings show that Asian-American scientists express lower job satisfaction (regardless of the measure) than white scientists, and this pattern holds within groups of male and female scientists as well as in multivariate models. With regard to sex effects, findings show that female scientists score higher than male scientists on overall satisfaction and intrinsic satisfaction (but not extrinsic satisfaction), and sex differences are more minimal among Asian-American scientists than among white scientists. Individual and job characteristics (and their interactions with race and sex) help explain some of the effects of race and sex on job satisfaction. The research concludes that although Asian-Americans (both male and female) are well represented in science occupations, their level of job satisfaction is lower than that for white scientists. Findings are interpreted within a multicultural perspective that acknowledges the context of Asian culture and continued race discrimination in scientific occupations.


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