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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN 印刷: 1072-8325
ISSN オンライン: 1940-431X

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2013002075
pages 199-213

COMPUTING GOALS, VALUES, AND EXPECTATIONS: RESULTS FROM AN AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAM FOR GIRLS

Jill Denner
ETR Associates, 4 Carbonero Way, Scotts Valley, California 95066
Linda Werner
University of California Santa Cruz,
Jacob Martinez
ETR Associates, 4 Carbonero Way, Scotts Valley, California 95066
Steve Bean
ETR Associates, 4 Carbonero Way, Scotts Valley, California 95066

要約

A growing number of programs aim to increase girls' interest in computing courses and careers, but there is little research on their effectiveness. In this study, we describe how girls in an after-school and summer program changed over time. Activities were based on the expectancy-value model of motivation and included computer game programming and career and college exploration via virtual mentors and field trips. Data from 59 (mostly Latina) students who participated for over 50 h show an increase in computing career goals, expectations for success with computing, the value they placed on computing and computing-related jobs, as well as perceived parent support. There was no change in their depth of interest in problem solving, endorsement of gender stereotypes, or perceived support from school-based peers and teachers. Different data sources yielded different findings about girls' stereotypical beliefs about computer jobs. Implications for designing interventions at the middle school level are discussed.