Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v10.i4.20
pages 303-313

Sclerotium of Culinary-Medicinal King Tuber Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Singer (Agaricomycetideae): Its Cultivation, Biochemical Composition, and Biopharmacological Effects (Review)

Ka-Hing Wong
Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hunghom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
Peter Chi Keung Cheung
School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China

ABSTRACT

Among all the different morphological stages of edible mushrooms, the sclerotium is being relatively less reported, compared to the fruiting body and mycelium, in terms of its cultivation and economic importance, as well as its nutritional and medicinal values. Among the sclerotium-producing mushrooms, Wolfiporia cocos, Grifola umbellata, and Omphalia lapidescens were recorded in the ancient Chinese pharmacopedia for their pharmacological effects more than a thousand years ago. Recently, the sclerotial mushroom Pleurotus tuberregium has attracted much attention. This review comprehensively describes the cultivation, biochemical composition, and nutritional values, as well as the biopharmacological effects, of this mushroom sclerotium. Scientific investigations on this mushroom sclerotium over the last 10 years are highlighted. The potential of this mushroom sclerotium to be developed as novel functional foods or nutraceuticals is also discussed.


Articles with similar content:

Biotechnological Potential of Mushrooms: Drugs and Dye Production
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Girish Tidke, Mahendra K. Rai
Biology, Food, Medicinal, and Biotechnological Applications of the Tropical Mushroom Pleurotus tuberregium (Rumph.:Fr.) Singer
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Paul E. Stamets, Rytas Vilgalys, Omoanghe S. Isikhuemhen
Medically Significant White-Rot Basidiomycetes: Metabolic and Biochemical Characteristics
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Nina V. Belova, Natalia S. Yakovleva
Sulphur Tuft Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.: Fr.) Murrill (Aphyllophoromycetideae): Bioactive Compounds and Pharmaceutical Effects (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.11, 2009, issue 2
Natasa Radic, Rade Injac
Investigations of Phytochemical Constituents and Their Pharmacological Properties Isolated from the Genus Urtica: Critical Review and Analysis
Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression, Vol.28, 2018, issue 1
Tahir Farooq, Muhammad Ibrahim, Iqbal Hussain, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash, Aneeza Razzaq, Kanwal Rehman, Amjad Hussain