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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018026551
pages 695-704

Powder of the White Bottom Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus (Agaricomycetes), Improved Immunomodulatory and Health-Promoting Effects of Lactobacillus casei in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Roghieh Safari
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
Maryam Dadar
Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran
Mohsen Khalili
Medical Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Science, Gorgan, Iran

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus casei and Agaricus bisporus administration, alone or in combination, on skin mucus immune parameters and the expression of selected genes related to growth, appetite, mucosal immunity, and antioxidant enzymes in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Zebrafish (n = 600) were randomly stocked in 12 aquariums and assigned to 1 of 4 treatments, which were repeated in triplicate. During a 60-day feeding trial, fish were fed experimental diets: (1) basal diet (control group); (2) basal diet + L. casei (107 colony-forming units/g; Pro group); (3) basal diet + 1% A. bisporus [mushroom powder [MP] group); and (4) basal diet + 1% A. bisporus + L. casei (107 colony-forming units/g) (MP + Pro group). The results demonstrated that oral administration of A. bisporus + L. casei significantly (P < 0.05) upregulated the expression of growth-related genes (gh and igf1). Similar results were observed for expression of mucosal immune-related genes (tnf-alpha, lyz, and il1b) and for antioxidant-related genes (sod, cat) in zebrafish fed A. bisporus + L. casei (P < 0.05). Also, nonspecific skin mucus immune parameters in the MP + Pro group were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those in the MP, Pro, and control groups. These results also demonstrate the potential of combined administration of A. bisporus and L. casei as a beneficial feed additive in aquaculture.


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