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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v14.i6.20
pages 549-556

Immunomodulatory Activities of Different Solvent Extracts from Tricholoma matsutake (S. Ito et S. Imai) Singer (Higher Basidiomycetes) on Normal Mice

Xiulian Yin
School of Life Science and Chemical Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, China; Jiangsu Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Conversion and Process Integration, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, China
Qinghong You
School of Life Science and Chemical Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, China; Jiangsu Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Conversion and Process Integration, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Quality Control and Further Processing of Cereals & Oils, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing, China
Zhonghai Jiang
Huaiyin Institute of Technology, School of Life Science and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Conversion and Process Integration, Huaian 223001, China

ABSTRACT

The immunomodulatory activities of different solvent extracts from the culinary-medicinal mushroom Tricholoma matsutake were studied in vivo in normal mice. The extracts were prepared using different solvents in an order of increasing polarity. The immunomodulatory activities were investigated by measuring the thymus and spleen index, phagocytic rate of macrophage phagocytosis, delayed-type hypersensitivity, plaque-forming cell, and proliferation of splenocytes. Results demonstrated that water extract (WE) and n-butyl alcohol extract (BAE) of T. matsutake could enhance the immunity of mice significantly compared with the control group. Main components of WE and BAE were polysaccharides, proteins, and flavonoids; we presume that these may be the main immunomodulating and immuno-enhancing agents in T. matsutake.


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