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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v16.i5.60
pages 477-484

HS/GC-MS Analyzed Chemical Composition of the Aroma of Fruiting Bodies of Two Species of Genus Lentinus (Higher Basidiomycetes)

Gerardo Mata
Unidad de Micologia, Institute de Ecologia A.C., Apartado Postal 63, Xalapa 91000, Veracruz, Mexico
Karina Valdez
Laboratorio de Alta Tecnologia de Xalapa, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Remedios Mendoza
Unidad de Servicios de Apoyo en Resolucion Analitica, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Ángel Trigos
Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Luis Castelazo, Animas, Xalapa, Veracruz, México; Laboratorio de Alta Tecnologia de Xalapa, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México

ABSTRACT

The chemical composition of the aroma of fresh fruiting bodies of the cultivated mushroom Lentinus boryanus is described here and compared with medicinal shiitake mushroom L. edodes. Volatile compounds were analyzed through headspace sampling coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The mushrooms under study were grown on different substrates based on barley straw, sugarcane bagasse, oak wood sawdust, and beech leaf litter. It was determined that L. boryanus as well as L. edodes contain an abundant amount of a volatile compound identified as 3-octanone with a sweet fruity aroma. On the other hand, only L. boryanus produced 3-octanol a characteristic aroma of cod liver oil. In total, 10 aromatic compounds were identified, some of which were obtained exclusively in one species or substrate.


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