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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i2.80
pages 169-178

Oyster Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus (Higher Basidiomycetes), Growth in Grain-Based Diet Improves Broiler Chicken Production

Mateus P. Santos
Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama-PR, Brazil
Rafael C. Marcante
Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama-PR, Brazil
Thiago T. Santana
Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama-PR, Brazil
Henrique S. Tanaka
Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama-PR, Brazil
Pascoal Funari, Jr.
State University of Maringa, Umuarama-PR, Brazil
Luiz R. Alberton
Postgraduate Program in Animal Science, Paranaense University, Umuarama-PR, Brazil
Eliete V. Faria
Reference Laboratory in Physical, Sensory and Statistical Analyses, Institute of Food Technology, Campinas-SP, Brazil
Juliana Silveira do Valle
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Postgraduate Program of Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama, PR, Brazil
Nelson Barros Colauto
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Postgraduate Program of Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama, PR, Brazil
Giani Andrea Linde
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Postgraduate Program of Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Paranaense University, Umuarama, PR, Brazil

ABSTRACT

Many alternative compounds have been tested to improve poultry performance but few of them have previously used mycelial-colonized substrate to partially replace standard diet in broiler chickens. The objective of this study was to evaluate broiler chicken production, health, and meat sensory characteristics, with partial replacement of the standard diet by Pleurotus ostreatus−colonized substrate. One hundred fifty 1-day-old male Cobb chicks were given standard diet partially replaced by 0, 5, 10, 100, or 200 g·kg−1 of P. ostreatus−colonized substrate and randomly distributed into five treatments. Each treatment had three replicates, with 10 birds per replicate, totaling 30 birds. The replacement of the standard diet by 10 g·kg−1 of colonized substrate increased (P≤0.05) chicken body mass up to 57% at 21 days, and up to 28% at 42 days. In general, partial replacement of standard diet by colonized substrate increased hematocrits and typical lymphocytes, and reduced low density lipoproteins. Also, it reduced chicken production period up to 21% and there is no meat taste alteration. The use of P. ostreatus−colonized substrate in chicken feeding is an alternative method to improve broiler chicken production.


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