Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v16.i6.60
pages 569-578

Various Grain Substrates for the Production of Fruiting Bodies and Bioactive Compounds of the Medicinal Caterpillar Mushroom, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes)

Zeng-Chin Liang
Department of Bioresources, Da-Yeh University, Changhua County 515, Taiwan
Chih-Hung Liang
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Chungchou Institute of Technology, Yuanlin, Changhua 51003, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Food Science, Tunghai University, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Chiu-Yeh Wu
Department of Culinary Arts, Chung Chou University of Science and Technology, Changhua, Taiwan, Republic of China

ABSTRACT

In this study, several grains such as brown rice (Br), plumule rice (Pr), wheat (W) and pearl barley (Pb) supplemented with 1% (w/w) peptone (P), yeast extract (Ye), ammonia sulfate (As), and monosodium glutamate (Mg) as a nitrogen source, respectively, were used to produce fruiting bodies and bioactive compounds of two strains of Cordyceps militaris. Among these grain substrates, the substrate most suitable to mycelial growth was Pb+Ye for C. militaris H and L. The mushroom strains colonized this substrate in 12.8 and 12.6 days, respectively. For C. militaris L, the fewest days were required for primordial initiation on Br+Ye and Pr+P substrates. The highest yield and biological efficiency was observed with Pb substrate (25.16 g/bottle and 87.36%) and Br+P substrate (21.84 g/bottle and 75.83%) for C. militaris H and L, respectively. In the fruiting bodies of C. militaris H, the highest cordycepin content was cultivated on W+Mg substrate (25.07 mg/g), the highest mannitol content was cultivated with Pr+Mg (153.21 mg/g) and Pr (151.65 mg/g) substrates, and the highest adenosine content was cultivated with Pr+Ye (0.94 mg/g) and Pb+Ye (0.90 mg/g) substrates. In the fruiting bodies of C. militaris L, the highest cordycepin content was cultivated with W+Mg substrate (22.14 mg/g); the highest mannitol content was cultivated with Pb substrate (189.33 mg/g); and the highest adenosine content was cultivated with Pb+Ye substrate (0.71 mg/g).


Articles with similar content:

Comparison of Major Bioactive Compounds of the Caterpillar Medicinal Mushroom, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes), Fruiting Bodies Cultured on Wheat Substrate and Pupae
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.18, 2016, issue 4
Mingmin Guo, Suping Guo, Caihong Dong, Ning Bu, Yang Huaijun
Influence of Olive Oil Press Cakes on Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Singer (Higher Basidiomycetes) Fruiting Bodies Production and Effect of their Crude Polysaccharides on CCRF-CEM Cell Proliferation
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.14, 2012, issue 4
Nadine Kretschmer, Dusan Klinar, Herbert Boechzelt, Susanne Wagner, Franc Pohleven, Andrej Gregori, Rudolf Bauer
Effect of Pulsed Light Irradiation on Bioactive, Nonvolatile Components and Antioxidant Properties of Caterpillar Medicinal Mushroom Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.19, 2017, issue 6
Arif Rahmandita, Agnes Purwidyantri, Shu-Yao Tsai, Fu-Kuei Huang, Shih-Jeng Huang
Effect of Different Proportions of Agrowaste on Cultivation Yield and Nutritional Composition of the Culinary-Medicinal Jelly Mushroom Auricularia polytricha (Higher Basidiomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.19, 2017, issue 4
Kuan-Jzen Wu, Chiu-Yeh Wu, Zeng-Chin Liang, Hsin-Der Shih, Chih-Hung Liang
Effect of Cost-Effective Substrates on Growth Cycle and Yield of Lingzhi or Reishi Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Higher Basidiomycetes) from Northwestern Himalaya (India)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.16, 2014, issue 6
Savita Jandaik, Dharmesh Gupta, Sheetal Mehta