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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i7.90
pages 693-700

Review on Natural Enemies and Diseases in the Artificial Cultivation of Chinese Caterpillar Mushroom, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Ascomycetes)

Zenghui Lu
Institute of Chinese Caterpillar Fungus, Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanshan Road, Nan'an District, Chongqing, China
Ping Shi
Institute of Chinese Caterpillar Fungus, Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanshan Road, Nan'an District, Chongqing, China
Yuanchuan He
Institute of Chinese Caterpillar Fungus, Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanshan Road, Nan'an District, Chongqing, China
Deli Zhang
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
Zongyi He
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
Shijiang Chen
Institute of Chinese Caterpillar Fungus, Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanshan Road, Nan'an District, Chongqing, China
Yongqin Tu
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
Li Li
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
Fei Liu
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
Wei Zeng
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

ABSTRACT

Ophiocordyceps sinensis (syn. Cordyceps sinensis), well known as DongChongXiaCao (DCXC), is one of the most valuable traditional Chinese medicinal species. In this article, we provide a systematic review of natural enemies and diseases encountered in artificial cultivation of DCXC. Unfortunately, DCXC has been endangered over the past decades due to overharvesting and a worsening ecological environment. Therefore, the artificial cultivation of DCXC has been extensively investigated in recent years. Complete indoor artificial cultivation and semi-field cultivation are the two most common strategies used to cultivate DCXC. However, cultured DCXCs are often attacked by various natural enemies and diseases, which have resulted in substantial loss of the valuable medicinal resource. In this study, we have summarized the species of natural enemies and types of diseases confronted by DCXC. Twenty reported natural enemy species are categorized into four classes, one of which is reported for the first time in this study. Moreover, six microbial pathogens are also discussed. The recapitulation of the natural enemies and diseases in DCXC artificial cultivation not only promote the development of integrated pest management of DCXC cultivation but also provide important information to help preserve and develop this valuable resource.


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