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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
IF: 1.841 5-Year IF: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Print: 1045-4403
ISSN Online: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v16.i2.50
pages 171-182

Nuclear Receptors in Stem Cell Biology

Yanhong Shi
Division of Neurosciences, Center for Gene Expression and Drug Discovery, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope National Medical Center, 1500 E. Duarte Rd., Duarte, CA 91010
Guoqiang Sun
Division of Neurosciences, Center for Gene Expression and Drug Discovery, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope National Medical Center, 1500 E. Duarte Rd., Duarte, CA 91010
Richard Stewart
Division of Neurosciences, Center for Gene Expression and Drug Discovery, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope National Medical Center, 1500 E. Duarte Rd., Duarte, CA 91010

ABSTRACT

Batteries of transcription factors have been proposed to control stem cell self-renewal and lineage progression by eliciting cascades of gene expression.1 Nuclear receptors provide an ideal model to study the transcriptional regulation of gene expression because they can activate as well as repress gene expression through ligand binding and recruitment of transcriptional coactivators or corepressors.2 Recent progress in defining specific roles of some nuclear receptors and their coregulators in stem cell self-renewal and differentiation provides a first glimpse of the regulatory events involved and is the beginning of a very promising area of research. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding nuclear receptors and their roles in stem cell biology. These studies not only facilitate an understanding of stem cell biology but also provide a basis for the development of therapeutic drugs for the treatment of a variety of diseases.


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