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Atomization and Sprays
IF: 1.737 5-Year IF: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 2.2

ISSN Print: 1044-5110
ISSN Online: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2012004051
pages 753-774

ANALYSIS OF DIESEL SPRAY ATOMIZATION BY MEANS OF A NEAR-NOZZLE FIELD VISUALIZATION TECHNIQUE

Raul Payri
CMT–Motores Térmicos, Universitat Politècnica de València, Edificio 6D, Valencia, 46022, Spain
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7428-5510
Javier Salvador
CMT-Motores Termicos. Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, E-46022, Spain
Jaime Gimeno
CMT-Motores Tèrmicos, Universitat Politècnica de València, València, Spain
J. De la Morena
CMT-Motores Termicos. Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, E-46022, Spain

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a high-resolution visualization technique has been used in order to characterize Diesel spray structure in the near-nozzle field. For this purpose, three conical nozzles with different diameters have been used to relate nozzle geometry and spray behavior in non-cavitating conditions. As a first step, geometrical and hydraulic characterization of the nozzles has been performed. The analysis of the images obtained has shown that spray aperture varied significantly during the first millimeters of the spray, until reaching to the stabilized value of spray cone angle, which is the one usually characterized by other visualization techniques. Furthermore, the structure of the liquid−gas interface presented an oscillatory behavior, which is related to primary atomization process. These oscillations have been quantified and statistically correlated with nozzle geometry and operating conditions by means of three different non-dimensional numbers: Reynolds number, air/fuel density ratio, and Ohnesorge number.


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