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International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
IF: 1.016 5-Year IF: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN Print: 1543-1649
ISSN Online: 1940-4352

International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.v5.i1.20
pages 11-18

The Rate-Controlled Constrained Equilibrium (RCCE) Method for Reducing Chemical Kinetics in Systems with Time-Scale Separation

Stelios Rigopoulos
Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, P.O. Box 88, Sackville Street, Manchester, M601QD, UK

ABSTRACT

Turbulent combustion is the ultimate multiscale problem, with chemical reactions exhibiting time scales spanning more than ten orders of magnitude and turbulent motion, introducing further space and time scales. The integration of the chemical kinetics equations is severely hampered by their excessive stiffness, resulting from the range of time scales present. The mathematical modeling of combustion can be significantly simplified by taking advantage of the time-scale separation to assume that fast reactions, typically associated with intermediate species, are in a local equilibrium. In the rate-controlled constrained equilibrium method (RCCE), the dynamical evolution of the system is governed by the kinetics of the species associated with the slower time scales (kinetically controlled), while the remaining species are calculated via a constrained minimization of the Gibbs free energy of the mixture. This permits the derivation of a general set of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs), which apply to any reduced system given a particular selection of kinetically controlled species. In this paper, it is shown how the differential-algebraic formulation of RCCE can be derived from first principles, in the form of an extension of the computation of chemical equilibrium via miminisation of the free energy. Subsequently, RCCE is employed to reduce a comprehensive combustion mechanism and to calculate the burning velocity of premixed H2-O2 and CH4-air flames under a range of pressures and equivalence ratios.


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