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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
ESCI SJR: 0.176 SNIP: 0.48 CiteScore™: 1.3

ISSN Print: 1093-3611
ISSN Online: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v9.i4.50
pages 545-555

SULFUR LAMP - LTE MODELLING AND EXPERIMENTS

C. W. Johnston
Currently at: GE Lighting Operations Limited, Melton Road, Leicester LE4 7PD, United Kingdom
B. Hartgers
Department of Applied Physics, NLf 1.0.4, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Harm van der Heijden
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
K. Garloff
Department of Applied Physics, NLf 1.0.4, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
G. M. Janssen
Department of Applied Physics, NLf 1.0.4, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
B. H. P. Broks
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Jan van Dijk
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Joost J. A. M. van der Mullen
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

ABSTRACT

A combined experimental/modeling approach has been taken in order to further our understanding of the high-pressure sulfur discharge. This plasma has the appealing property of producing a pleasant visible spectrum and doing so efficiently. Moreover, the spectrum originates entirely from the sulfur dimer. However, very little is known about this new visible light source.
The integrated environment for the construction and execution of plasma models, PLASIMO [1], has been used to model a 1D LTE energy balance of the lamp including radiation transport with the aim of reproducing the observed spectrum [2, 3, 4] Several atomic lines found in the spectrum were used for the direct measurement of temperature [5]. Power interruption experiments were performed and the spectral response was both measured and modeled as a function of wavelength [6].
The LTE model reproduces measured spectra and operational trends well. Average plasma temperatures of 4000 K have been measured and the model is within 10% of this value. The response of the entire spectrum to power interruption also agrees well with measurement. We have found that while the BX transition in S2 is the solely responsible for the spectrum, the presence of S3 is critical to the understanding of the discharge.


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