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International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification
IF: 0.967 5-Year IF: 1.301 SJR: 0.531 SNIP: 0.8 CiteScore™: 1.52

ISSN Print: 2152-5080
ISSN Online: 2152-5099

Open Access

International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification

DOI: 10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.2015012623
pages 569-583


Jan Peter Hessling
SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Measurement Technology, Box 857, SE-50115 Boras, Sweden
Jeffrey Uhlmann
University of Missouri−Columbia, Department of Computer Science, 201 EBW, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA


The striking generality and simplicity of Wilks' method has made it popular for quantifying modeling uncertainty. A conservative estimate of the confidence interval is obtained from a very limited set of randomly drawn model sample values, with probability set by the assigned so-called stability. In contrast, the reproducibility of the estimated limits, or robustness, is beyond our control as it is strongly dependent on the probability distribution of model results. The inherent combination of random sampling and faithful estimation in Wilks' approach is here shown to often result in poor robustness. The estimated confidence interval is consequently not a well-defined measure of modeling uncertainty. To remedy this deficiency, adjustments of Wilks' approach as well as alternative novel, effective but less known approaches based on deterministic sampling are suggested. For illustration, the robustness of Wilks' estimate for uniform and normal model distributions are compared.