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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.243 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Print: 0278-940X
ISSN Online: 1943-619X

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v28.i12.80
pages 41-45

DATA: A Decision Aid for Management of the Patient With Stable Angina Pectoris

Christie B. Hopkins
Division of Cardiology, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, South Carolina 29203
Himaxi Maysuria
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, South Carolina

ABSTRACT

Objective: The patient with stable disabling angina must choose between bypass surgery, coronary angioplasty, or medical therapy. Estimation of comparative outcomes of these alternative therapies is difficult.
Design: Utilizing Artificial Intelligence, an expert-system computerized decision aid, DATA (Decision Aid for Therapy of Angina), was developed to run on a personal computer and to calculate the probability of each possible clinical event based on individual patient characteristics. For each therapeutic option, relative clinical outcomes and anticipated charges are computed. Ten patients were evaluated retrospectively by DATA and by a group of cardiologists.
Results: DATA agreed with the primary therapy given to all patients. The physician group underestimated the value of alternative therapies and underestimated charges for all therapies.
Conclusions: This decision aid allows comparison of alternative therapies in terms of relative patient outcome and anticipated costs can be better estimated.


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