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Journal of Porous Media
IF: 1.061 5-Year IF: 1.151 SJR: 0.504 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Print: 1091-028X
ISSN Online: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v11.i5.20
pages 443-456

Numerical Modeling of the Gas-Oil Gravity Drainage Process in Stratified and Fractured Porous Media

Moein Nabipour
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran
M. M. Zerafat
School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Shahab Ayatollahi
Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


The saturation profiles in homogeneous and nonhomogeneous layered porous media have been analyzed, and the oil recovery rates as well as the ultimate recovery have been calculated. A two-phase flow model is set up and solved numerically to produce the oil saturation profile and estimate the rate of oil recovery in layered porous medium under the gas-oil gravity drainage process. The model was further extended to model very high permeability layers stacked in between two dense layers to simulate horizontally fractured media. This numerical scheme reveals the importance of capillary pressure in the vicinity of the different layers for the calculation of the saturation profile. Oil entrapment in the matrix on top of the more permeable layers is responsible for the low oil recovery efficiency from fractured reservoirs under gravity drainage. Several different tests, including the use of a single high-permeability layer, a single low-permeability layer, and a low on top of a high and high on top of a low permeable stratum, are performed using the proposed technique, qualitatively.