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Heat Transfer Research
IF: 0.404 5-Year IF: 0.8 SJR: 0.264 SNIP: 0.504 CiteScore™: 0.88

ISSN Print: 1064-2285
ISSN Online: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2017017152
pages 1077-1101

MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC CONVECTION FLOW ON AN UNSTEADY SURFACE STRETCHING WITH PRESSURE-DEPENDENT TRANSVERSE VELOCITY AND SURFACE TENSION LINEARLY VARYING WITH TEMPERATURE

Rehan Ali Shah
Department of Basic Sciences and Islamiat, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan
Sajid Rehman
Islamia College Peshawar
M. Idrees
Department of Mathematics, Islamia College Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa, Pakistan
Tariq Abbas
Department of Basic Sciences, Sarhad University Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

We consider the fluid dynamics of unsteady MHD free surface flow over an unsteady stretching sheet. We study the Newtonian fluid mechanics by solving the boundary layer equations in Cartesian coordinates. Effects of natural parameters such as the Hartmann number Ma, film thickness, unsteadiness parameter S, magnetic parameter, Grashof number Gr, thermocapillary number M, and Prandtl number Pr are investigated. The results for the skin friction f''(0), Nusselt number (heat flux) θ'(0), and free surface temperature θ(1) are presented in tabular form.


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