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Hydrobiological Journal
SJR: 0.227 SNIP: 0.901 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Print: 0018-8166
ISSN Online: 1943-5991

Hydrobiological Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v36.i5.90
11 pages

Pilengas (Gray Mullet, Mugil so-iuy Basilewsky, 1855), a New Marketable Fish in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov

Yu. P. Zaitsev
Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Odessa Division of the Southern Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Odessa, Ukraine
L. I. Starushenko
Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas National Academy of Science of Ukraine; Odessa Division of the Southern Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography

ABSTRACT

Historical and statistical information is provided on the introduction of pilengas (also known as Pacific gray mullet or mullet haarder), a Far-Eastern mullet, which was a newly introduced species in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. A significant part of its presently formed and acclimatized populations was hatched from juvenile fish and fry transported from the Sea of Japan. Since the late 1990s, the pilengas fry are encountered everywhere in the Sea of Azov as well as in the northern areas of the Black Sea. The adult fish winter also along the northern Anatolian coast. Pilengas is feeding mainly on meiobenthic organisms and cannot be considered as a competitor of indigenous gray mullets. Pilengas has become the sole marine fish, which is commercially caught in the waters of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov during all seasons.


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