Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Print: 2150-766X
ISSN Online: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2015005757
pages 453-478

FORMULATION, CASTING, AND EVALUATION OF PARAFFIN-BASED SOLID FUELS CONTAINING ENERGETIC AND NOVEL ADDITIVES FOR HYBRID ROCKETS

Daniel B. Larson
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
John D. DeSain
The Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California 90245, USA
J. Eric Boyer
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Trevor Wachs
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Kenneth K. Kuo
Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Russell Borduin
University of Texas−Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Joseph H. Koo
KAI, LLC, Austin, Texas 78739, USA; The University of Texas at Austin, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 204 Dean Keeton St. C2200, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Brian B. Brady
The Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California 90245, USA
Thomas J. Curtiss
The Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California 90245, USA
George Story
NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 35811, USA

ABSTRACT

This investigation studied the inclusion of various additives to paraffin wax for use in a hybrid rocket motor. Some of the paraffin-based fuels were doped with various percentages of LiAlH4 (up to 10%). Addition of LiAlH4 at 10% was found to increase regression rates between 7 and 10% over baseline paraffin through tests in a gaseous oxygen hybrid rocket motor. Mass burn rates for paraffin grains with 10% LiAlH4 were also higher than those of the baseline paraffin. RDX (or cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine, C3H6N6O6) was also cast into a paraffin sample via a novel casting process which involved dissolving RDX into dimethylformamide (DMF) solvent and then drawing a vacuum on the mixture of paraffin and RDX/DMF in order to evaporate out the DMF. It was found that although all the DMF was removed, the process was not conducive to generating small RDX particles. The slow boiling generated an inhomogeneous mixture of paraffin and RDX. It is likely that superheating the DMF to cause rapid boiling would likely reduce RDX particle sizes. In addition to paraffin/LiAlH4 grains, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) were cast in paraffin for testing in a hybrid rocket motor, and assorted samples containing a range of MWNT percentages in paraffin were imaged using scanning electron microscopy and thermally tested using thermogravimetric analysis. The fuel samples showed good distribution of MWNT in the paraffin matrix, but the MWNT were often agglomerated, indicating that a change to the sonication and mixing processes is required to achieve better uniformity and debundled MWNT. Fuel grains with MWNT fuel grains had a slightly lower regression rate, likely due to the increased thermal conductivity to the fuel subsurface, reducing the burning surface temperature.


Articles with similar content:

SOL-GEL-SUPERCRITICAL SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF NITROCELLULOSE/GLYCIDYLAZIDE POLYMER/PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE NANOCOMPOSITES
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.19, 2020, issue 3
Mi Zhang, Hao Huang, Xiaolan Song, Yi Wang, Feifei Shang
NEW GREEN AND THERMALLY STABLE SOLID PROPELLANT FORMULATIONS BASED ON TNEF
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.17, 2018, issue 4
Ahmed Elbeih, Thomas M. Klapotke, Mohamed Abd-Elghany
New Insights into the Combustion of AP/HTPB Rocket Propellents: The Catalyst Active Sites and a Combustion Flame Model for The Ferrocene-Catalysed Combustion
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.4, 1997, issue 1-6
T. T. Nguyen
FUEL-OXIDIZER MIXTURES: THEIR STABILITIES AND BURN CHARACTERISTICS
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.13, 2014, issue 6
Matthew Porter, Jimmie C. Oxley, Maria Donnelly, James L. Smith
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A HYDROXY TERMINATED POLYETHER (HTPE) COPOLYMER FOR USE AS A BINDER IN COMPOSITE ROCKET PROPELLANTS
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.6, 2007, issue 3
Rodrigo I. Caro, John M. Bellerby, Esam Kronfli